Lugares notables en el áreaAt this time Wessex took de facto control over much of Devon, although Britons retained a degree of independence in Devon until at least the 10th century. In the s William Crampton , the founder of the British Flag Institute , designed a flag for the Wessex region which depicts a gold wyvern on a red field. The Chronicle then records subsequent Saxon arrivals, including that of Cerdic, the founder of Wessex, in
When Ceolwulf's rule came to an end he was succeeded as ruler of "English Mercia" not by another king but by a mere ealdorman , Aethelred , who acknowledged Alfred's overlordship and married his daughter Ethelfleda. The heraldic design continued to represent both Wessex and Edward in classical heraldry  and is found on a number of church windows in derived shields such as the Arms of the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster Westminster Abbey , which was founded by the king. In time, however, some Saxon troops left Britain; under Ambrosius Aurelianus , the British subsequently defeated those who remained. Oxford University Press, pp.
During this period Wessex continued its gradual advance to the west, overwhelming the British kingdom of Dumnonia Devon. This was the first conversion to Christianity by a West Saxon king, but it was not accompanied by the immediate conversion of all the West Saxons: Cynegils' successor and probably his son , Cenwealh , who came to the throne in about , was a pagan at his accession. Views Read Edit View history.
After the invasions of the s, Wessex and English Mercia continued to be attacked by the Danish settlers in England, and by small Danish raiding forces from overseas, but these incursions were usually defeated, while there were no further major invasions from the continent. The heraldic design continued to represent both Wessex and Edward in classical heraldry  and is found on a number of church windows in derived shields such as the Arms of the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster Westminster Abbey , which was founded by the king. Egbert's later years saw the beginning of Danish Viking raids on Wessex, which occurred frequently from onwards. Na Galipedia, a Wikipedia en galego.
Reino de wessex mapa
Finally, on the death of Edward the Confessor in , Harold became king, reuniting the earldom of Wessex with the crown. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This was the first conversion to Christianity by a West Saxon king, but it was not accompanied by the immediate conversion of all the West Saxons: Cynegils' successor and probably his son , Cenwealh , who came to the throne in about , was a pagan at his accession.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Oxford University Press. Between and a series of English offensives overwhelmed the Danes of Mercia and East Anglia, bringing all of England south of the Humber under Edward's power.
Wesswx became a Christian kingdom after Cenwalh Regensburg bilder kostenlos baptised and was expanded under his rule.
His successor, Ineissued one of the oldest surviving English law ampa and established a second West Saxon bishopric. The throne subsequently passed to a series of kings with unknown genealogies.
During the 8th century, as the hegemony of Mercia grew, Weszex largely retained its independence. It was during this period that map system of shires Sexsimulator online established. He also obtained the overlordship of the Northumbrian king. However, Mercian independence was restored in Wessex was invaded by the Danes inand Alfred was compelled to pay them to leave.
They returned inbut were forced to withdraw. In they forced Kapa to flee to the Somerset Reino de wessex mapabut were eventually defeated at the Battle of Edington.
During his reign Alfred issued a new law code, gathered scholars to his court and was able to devote funds to building ships, organising an army and establishing a system of burhs. Cnut the Greatwho conquered England increated the wealthy and powerful earldom of Wessex, but in Harold Godwinson reunited the Sophia thomalla nackt playboy with the crown and Wessex ceased to exist.
From the Neolithic onwards the chalk downland of the area that would become Wessex was traversed by the Harrow Waywhich can still be traced from Marazion in Cornwall to the coast of the English Channel wessrx Dover, and was probably connected with the ancient mqpa trade.
In the Late Neolithicthe ceremonial sites of Avebury and Stonehenge were completed on Salisbury Plainbut ve final phase of Stonehenge Parkplatzsex kassel erected by the so-called " Wessex culture " of the Middle Bronze Reino de wessex mapa c.
Although agriculture and hunting were pursued during Duisburg sex long period, there is little archaeological evidence of human settlements. Following the Roman conquestfrom the 1st century AD, numerous country villas with attached farms were established across Wessex, along with the important towns of Dorchester and Winchester the ending -chester comes from Latin castra"a military camp".
The Romans, or rather the Romano-Britishbuilt another major road that integrated Wessex, running eastwards from Exeter japa Dorchester to Winchester and Silchester and on to London. In the mid-4th century there were increasing raids on Roman Britain by peoples such as the PictiScottiAttacotti and Franksas well as the Saxons. Inthese tribes simultaneously invaded Britain from the north, west and east. However, there was increasing internal conflict across the Roman Empire.
Wesex the death of Maximus inRoman authority in Britain again declined. During the late s, Stilicho attempted to restore control, with a campaign against the Picti, but this was undermined in when Stilicho transferred troops to the Continent to fight the Goths. Two subsequent Roman rulers of Britain were murdered.
Finally, inwhen Romano-British officials requested military assistance from Emperor Honoriushe told them to manage their own defences. Theories about the settlement of Saxons, Jutes and Angles in Britain are divided into two categories by the historian Peter Hunter Blairnamely "Welsh" and "English".
In brief, it states that after Reini Romans left, the Britons managed to continue for a time without any major disruptions. However, when finally faced with northern invaders, a certain unnamed ruler in Britain called "a proud Reno by Gildas requested assistance from the Saxons in exchange for land.
There were no conflicts between the British and the Saxons for a time, but following "a dispute about the supply of provisions" the Saxons warred against the British and severely damaged parts of the country. In time, however, some Saxon troops left Britain; under Ambrosius Aurelianusthe British subsequently defeated those who aessex. After this, there occurred a peaceful period for the Britons, under which Gildas was living at the time he wrote the De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae.
When Bede wrote his Ecclesiastical History of the English Peoplehe adapted Gildas' narrative and added details, such as the names of those involved. To the "proud tyrant" he gave the name Vortigernand wesswx Saxon commanders he Rino Hengest and Horsa. Further details were added to the story in the Historia Brittonumwhich was partially written by Nennius. According to the HistoriaHengest and Horsa fought the invaders of Britain under the condition wesse gaining the Island of Thanet.
The daughter of Hengest, Rowena, later arrived on a ship of reinforcements, and Vortigern married her. However, a war arose in Kent due to a dispute between Hengest df Vortigern's son.
After losing several battles, the Saxons finally defeated the British by treacherously attacking them once the two parties had convened for a meeting. The Chronicle then records subsequent Saxon arrivals, including that of Cerdic, the founder of Wessex, in According to the Anglo-Saxon ChronicleCerdic and his son Cynric landed in southern Hampshire cebut this account is not regarded by historians as reliable due to duplication of Chronicle entries and evidence that the area was first occupied by Jutes.
Although the entry mentions Cynric as Cerdic's son, a different source lists him as the son of Cerdic's son, Creoda. The battle appears to have ended as a draw, and the expansion of Wessex ended for about thirty years. This is likely due to losses suffered during the battle and an apparent peace agreement with the Britons. The battle of Mons Badonicus is believed to have been fought around this time. Gildas states that the Saxons were completely defeated in the battle, in wewsex King Arthur participated according to Nennius.
This defeat is not recorded in the Chronicle. Cynric became the ruler of Wessex after Reno died inand reigned for twenty-six years. Ceawlin overcame pockets of resisting Britons to the northeast, in the ChilternsGloucestershire and Somerset. The capture of Ma;aGloucester and Bath inafter the pause caused by the battle of Mons Badonicus, opened the way to the southwest. Mspa is one of the seven kings named in Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People as holding "imperium" over the southern English: the Chronicle later repeated this claim, referring to Ceawlin as a bretwaldaor "Britain-ruler".
Ceawlin map deposed, perhaps by his nephew, Ceoland died a year later. Six Renio later, in aboutCeol was succeeded by a weseex, Ceolwulfwho was succeeded in his turn in about by Cynegils.
The genealogies do not agree on Cynegils' pedigree: his father is variously given as Ceola, Ceolwulf, Ceol, Cuthwine, Cutha or Cuthwulf. The tradition embodied in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicleand in the genealogies of the West Saxon dynasty, is open to considerable doubt.
This is largely because the founder of the dynasty and a number of his alleged descendants had Brittonic Celtic, rather than Anglo-Saxon Germanic, names. It is in Cynegils' reign that the first event in West Saxon history that can be dated with reasonable certainty occurs: the baptism of Cynegils by Birinuswhich happened wesxex the end of the s, perhaps in Birinus was then established as bishop of the West Saxons, with his seat at Dorchester-on-Thames.
This was the first conversion to Christianity by ee West Saxon king, but it was not accompanied by the immediate conversion of all the West Saxons: Cynegils' successor and probably his sonCenwealhwho came to the throne in wesssexwas a pagan at his accession.
However, he too was baptised only a few years later and Wessex became firmly established as a Christian kingdom. Cynegils's godfather was King Oswald of Northumbria wesaex his conversion may have been connected with an alliance against King Penda of Merciawho had previously attacked Wessex. These attacks marked the beginning of sustained pressure from the expanding kingdom of Mercia. In time this would deprive Wessex of its territories north of the Thames and the Bristol Avonencouraging the kingdom's reorientation southwards.
Cenwealh married Penda 's daughter, and when he wrssex her, Penda again invaded and drove him into exile for some time, perhaps three years. The dates are uncertain but it was probably in the late s or early s.
He spent his exile in East Angliaand was converted to Christianity there. After his return, Cenwealh faced further attacks from Penda's successor Wulfherebut was able to expand West Saxon territory in Somerset at the expense of the Britons. He established a second bishopric at Winchesterwhile the Sexkontakte bremen at Dorchester was soon abandoned as Mercian power pushed southwards.
This was one of several occasions on which the kingship of Wessex is said re have passed to a remote branch of Renio royal family with an unbroken male line of descent from Cerdic; these claims may be genuine, or may reflect the spurious assertion of descent from Cerdic to legitimise a new dynasty.
Centwine is known to have fought and won battles against the Britonsbut the details have not survived. His reign ended in when he abdicated and went on pilgrimage to Rome where he was baptised by Pope Sergius I and died soon afterwards. His successor was Inewho also claimed to be a descendant of Cerdic through Ceawlin, but again through a long-separated line of descent. He issued the oldest surviving English code wesseex laws apart from those of the kingdom of Kent, and established a second West Saxon bishopric at Sherbornecovering the area west of Selwood Forestwhich formed an important boundary between east and west Wessex.
The throne then passed to a series of other kings who claimed descent from Cerdic but whose Best sex chat genealogies and relationship to one another are unknown. During the weszex century Wessex was overshadowed by Mercia, whose power was then at its height, and the West Saxon kings may at times have acknowledged Mercian overlordship. During this period Wessex continued its gradual advance to the dessex, overwhelming the British kingdom of Dumnonia Devon.
At this time Wessex took de facto control over much of Devon, although Britons retained a degree of independence in Devon until Islamic way sex least the 10th century. William of Malmesbury claimed that the Britons and Saxons inhabited Exeter "as equals" until As a result of the Mercian conquest of the northern portion of its early territories in Gloucestershire and Oxfordshirethe Rekno and the Avon now probably formed the northern boundary of Wessex, wesxex its heartland lay in HampshireWiltshireBerkshireDorset and Somerset.
The system of shires which was later to form the basis of local administration throughout England and eventually, IrelandWales and Scotland as well originated in Wessex, and had been established by the mid-8th century.
In the fortunes of Wessex were transformed Reimo the accession of Egbert who came from a cadet branch of the ruling dynasty that claimed descent from Ine's brother Ingild. With his accession the throne became Nackte ritze established in the hands of a single lineage.
Early in his reign he conducted two campaigns against the " West Welsh ", first in and then again at Gafulford in During the course of these campaigns he conquered the western Britons still in Devon and reduced those beyond the River Tamarnow Cornwallto the status of a vassal.
In he conquered Mercia, driving its King Wiglaf into exile, and secured acknowledgement of his overlordship from the king of Northumbria. He thereby became the Bretwaldaor high king of Britain. This position of dominance was short-lived, as Wiglaf returned wrssex restored Mercian independence inbut the expansion of Wessex across south-eastern England proved permanent.
Egbert's later years saw the beginning of Ee Viking raids on Wessex, which occurred frequently from onwards. In a huge Danish army, said to have been carried on ships, arrived in the Thames estuary. This victory postponed Danish conquests dde England for fifteen years, but raids on Wessex continued. Inseveral of Analsex tut weh Danish commanders combined their respective forces into one large army and landed in England.
Over the following years, what became known as the Great Heathen Army Emma watson nackt video the kingdoms of Northumbria and East Anglia. Film sexsucht frau responded effectively and was able with little fighting to bring about their withdrawal in A portion of the Danish army settled in Mercia, but at the beginning of the remaining Danes mounted a winter invasion of Wessex, taking Alfred by surprise and overrunning wesesx of the kingdom.
Alfred was reduced to taking refuge with a small band of followers in the marshes of the Somerset Levelsbut after a few months he was able to gather an army and defeated the Danes at the Battle of Edingtonbringing about their final withdrawal from Wessex wexsex settle in East Anglia. Simultaneous Danish raids on the north coast of France and Brittany occurred in the s — prior to the establishment of Normandy in — and recorded Danish alliances with both Bretons and Cornish may have resulted in the suppression of Cornish autonomy with the death by drowning of King Donyarth in as recorded by the Annales Cambriae.
In a Viking fleet that had assembled in the Thames estuary sailed across the channel to start a new campaign on the continent. The rampaging Mxpa army on Rfino continent encouraged Alfred to protect df Kingdom of Wessex. Intwo individual found a large hoard near Leominster consisting primarily of Saxon jewellery and silver ingots but also coins; the latter date to around CE.
According to a news report, "experts believe it [the hoard] was buried by a Viking during a series of raids known to have taken place in the area at that wesaex, while Wessex was ruled by Alfred the Great and Mercia by Ceolwulf II. Two imperial coins recovered from the treasure hunters depict the two kings, "indicating an alliance between the two kingdoms—at least, for a time—that was previously unknown to historians", according to the report.
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Eduardo Antônio Ricardo Luís, Conde de Wessex, KG, GCVO (Londres) é o quarto e mais novo filho da rainha Isabel II do Reino Unido e do príncipe Filipe, Duque de Edimburgo, ocupando o º lugar na linha de sucessão ao trono britânico. 95 relações. De todo modo, os dois se casaram na Capela de São Jorge, no Castelo de Windsor, no dia 19 de junho de Foi na ocasião que Eduardo recebeu o título de Conde de Wessex por parte da Rainha. Até hoje, o Conde e a Condessa permanecem casados. O casal teve dois filhos: Luísa Windso r () e Jaime Windsor (). Deveres reais do Conde de. Reino de Wessex. Wessex fue uno de los siete reinos principales que precedieron al reino de Inglaterra. ¡Nuevo!!: Reino de Northumbria y Reino de Wessex · Ver más» Reino vikingo de York. El reino vikingo de York o Jórvík fue un antiguo estado de Europa que existió en el período desde el hasta el ¡Nuevo!!.